Oldest Trees In The World
Mother nature and her wonders. Did you know that us humans are not the only descendant who managed to survive many years? There are natural things preserved with many years who have managed to adapt to all weather conditions, and those things are the oldest trees. Trees are actually older than 4000 years. There are many types of old trees spread everywhere throughout the world in most national parks and they are protected by law. Each of the trees listed below are considered to be one of the oldest tree in the world. Here are the world’s oldest trees that existed, exist and will exist for many years.
Oldest Trees On The Planet
In the ‘’Great Basin bristlecone pine’’- Pinuslongaeva, exists the oldest tree in the whole world. It’s 5062 years old. This tree is 16 to 49 ft. tall, with a diameter of up to 2.5 to 3.6 m. The leaves are 2.5 to 4 cm long, deep green to blue-green on the outer face. The cones are 5 to 10 cm long and 3 to 4 cm when they are closed. They open 4 to 6 cm broad when mature releasing the seeds immediately after opening.
Methuselah is a Great Basin bristlecone pine. 4844 years old. It’s living in the White Mountains of Inyo Country in eastern California. Methuselah actually means a Biblical figure. This tree grows at 2.900 to 3.000 m above sea level. Until 2013, Methuselah was considered the world’s oldest living tree. But then was discovered the 5062 year old tree PinusLongaeva.
Fitzroya tree is 3622 years old, growing in South America, on the mountains of Chile and Argentina. It’s growing to 40-60 m. It’s leaves are 3-6 mm long and 2 mm broad, marked with two white stomatal lines. The cones are 6-8 mm diameter. And the seeds are 2-3 mm long and flat with a wing along each side. In AlerceCostero National Park, Chile exist the largest Fitzroya, more than 60 m tall with a diameter of 4.26.
Western Juniper grows in Sierra Nevada, California, United States, and it’s 2.675 years old. The leaves of Juniperus Occidentalis are arranged in opposite decussate pairs or whorls of three. The adult leaves are 1–2 mm long and 1-1.5 mm broad. The juvenile leaves are 5–10 mm long. It’s cones are 5–10 mm in diameter, blue-brown with a whitish waxy bloom, and it contains one to three seeds. The birds like Phainopepla, or Cedar Waxwing eat the cones of the tree.
- Larix Lyallii
Larix Lyallii is growing in North America, in the Rocky mountains of Idaho, Montana, British Columbia and Alberta. It’s 1.939 years old, and it’s growing 10 to 25 m tall. The seeds are 2.5-4 cm long, red-purple while are still young, and when they get older become dark brown. This tree cansurvire very low temperatures in thin rocky soils, that’s why the tree is often found near treeline. It can grow in a variety of soils, if the soil is moist but well-drained.
Cryptomeria belongs in the cypress family Cupressaceae and it includes only one specieslar- Cryptomeria japonica, in Japan is known as Sugi. And in England- Japanase cedar. This tree is 70 m tall and 4 m trunk diameter. The leaves are 0.5-1 cm long, the seed cones globular, 1-2 cm diameter. The tree is 1.801 years old. It grows in forest on deep, well raine soils subject to warm. The larva often use the Cryptomeria as their food.
- Thuja Occidentalis
Thuja Occidentalis belongs in the Cupressace family which is native in the United States and in Canada. Thuja is a small tree, it’s growing to 10-20 m tall with a 0.4 trunk diameter. The bark is red-brown, the leaves are 3-5 mm long. And the cones are yellow-green ripering brown, 10-15 mm long and 4-5 mm broad. The tree grows in wet forests and in places with reduced tree competition, such as cliffs.